Animals of the world, Pig

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grisen (596x640)

  • Pigs, or domestic swine, originate in the wild boar and are kept as domestic animals
  • The oldest finding of domestic swine is from Anatolia in Turkey and is dated to approx. 7000 BC
  • Omnivore, which means that it eats both plants and meat.
  • One of the most typical features of the pig family is the nose, which is flat in front and circular in shape. It is called a snout and has two nostrils pointing straight forward. The nostrils have strong closing muscles. The snout is used to dig into the soil to find food and is a very acute sense organ
  • The animals are both social and willing to learn. They communicate through sounds, body language, and smell.
  • Body contact is important to thrive and stay healthy. In the open, the pigs sleep close to each other, often in a pile.
  • Pigs cuddles by gently pushing their snout against each other’s bodies. Such social contact creates unity in the flock and makes the pigs relax.
  • They lack sweat glands and become easily sunburned. Therefore, they like shade and a mud hole to cool down. Mud baths also clean the skin.
  • The pig has an even more superb sense of smell than the dog, and are very teachable
  • Traditionally, pigs have been used to search for truffle. Less commonly known is that pigs have also been used for hunting. They can track and learn how to get the game for the hunter. Pigs can also get hunting yields floating in the water. They love water and are good swimmers.
  • Pigs are highly adaptable and can cope with both cold winter and tropical heat

 

References; Nationalgeographic.com, Wikipedia, Britannica.com, BBC.com, Australiangeographic.com, Birdlife.org.au,worldwildlife.com

Animals and creatures of Christmas, The Pig

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GrisenA more than thousand-year-old tradition still alive today – eating pork meat at Christmas or Jòl. At the time of the Vikings, they celebrated Jòl at midwinter, as a celebration of the sun or lighter days to come.  They also celebrated and made toasts to their gods and deceased friends and family

The pig had a part in the Vikings believe about life after death. The Vikings Valhall. The place where all the bravest and greatest warriors who fell on the battlefield gathered. Throughout the day at Valhall they could fight each other, and when the night came, those who had died woke up again. Then they slaughtered the pig Særimne for a big feast. Everyone participated in the following party while they were entertained by the god Odin’s female companions. The next day, Særimne was whole and alive again. The fight could start all over, and in the evenings it was once again a celebration, Valkyries served the food, and the warriors could again enjoy Særimnes juicy meat. The meat from Særimne was the food you ate while preparing for the last war – Ragnarok (doomsday).

Later on, when the earlier kings wanted to Christianise Norway, people were forced by law to move their celebration of the time when Christians celebrated their Christmas, but they kept the name – Jòl.

For the Norwegian farmer, the pig was an important protein source for many hundred years. When the pig was slaughtered before Christmas, the winter’s protein supplement was secured. The pig was slaughtered close to Christmas so that the meat would be fresh

Eating roasted pork ribs are still a Christmas tradition in many parts of Norway today.