Animals of the world, Camel

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kamel (640x576)

  • The camel is native to Asia and can be found on the border of Mongolia and China
  • Camels have long been domesticated and, as livestock, they provide food (milk and meat) and textiles (fibre and felt from hair)
  • Camels have an unmistakable silhouette, with their humped back, short tail, long slim legs, and a long neck that dips downward and rises to a small narrow head.
  • Camels grow a shaggy coat in the winter for protection from the freezing cold and shed the coat during the hot summer. Colour is usually light brown but can be greyish
  • A full-grown adult camel stands 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) at the shoulder
  • Camel humps consist of stored fat, which they can metabolize when food and water are scarce. It can sustain them for as long as a month in the harshest desert conditions.
  • They are able to endure protein deficiency and eat items other livestock avoid, such as thorns, dry leaves, and saltbush.
  • Camels can carry more than 200 kg (about 440 pounds) for 50 km (31 miles) in a day
  • A thin nictitating membrane on each eye, like a clear inner eyelid, protects the eyes from sandstorms while still letting in enough light for camels to see.  They can also shut their nostrils during sand storms.
  • The average life expectancy of a camel is 40 to 50 years

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