Either of two species of oxlike grazing mammals; The American bison and the European bison. The American bison lives in the Great Planes, The European bison lives in woodlands and is slightly larger and longer-legged than the American bison, but is less heavily built
Both species were hunted close to extinction during the 19th and 20th centuries, but have since rebounded
The coarse, shaggy fur is dark brown in colour.
Bison have poor eyesight but acute hearing and an excellent sense of smell
A mature bull stands about 2 meters (6.5 feet) at the shoulder
Both bison sexes bear short, upcurved horns, those of the cow being smaller
They feed on plains grasses, herbs, shrubs, and twigs.
Known for roaming great distances, bison move continuously as they eat
Wallowing is a common behaviour of bison. A bison wallow is a shallow depression in the soil, either wet or dry
Bison can run up to 65 km (40 miles) per hour
Bison temperament is often unpredictable
Due to their size, bison have few predators; the grey wolf, brown bear, and coyote.